Recommended Reading | Recommended Reading | Scoring Multiple Choice Tests | TSQS | Academic Technologies

Recommended Reading

Occasionally, inquiries about scoring multiple choice tests begin with the more basic question: "Can you suggest some references that provide advice on construction of multiple choice tests?" There are many such textbooks including the following:

Haladyna, Thomas M. Developing and Validating Multiple-Choice Test Items. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994.

Haladyna, Thomas M. Writing Test Items to Evaluate Higher Order Thinking. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1997.

Jacobs, Lucy Cheser & Chase, Clinton I. Developing and Using Tests Effectively: a Guide for Faculty. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1992.

Osterlind, Steven J. Constructing Test Items. 2nd ed. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.

See also:

Writing Multiple-Choice Test Items, and

IDEA Papers from Kansas State University such as No. 16: Improving Multiple-Choice Tests

Jacobs, Lucy C. How to Write Better Tests: A Handbook for Improving Test Construction Skills. Indiana University, Bloomington

A publication produced by the National Board of Medical Examiners is available (in pdf format) at Although it is written with reference to Basic and Clinical Sciences, the guidelines for writing good items apply to the more general case. The publication is 181 pages in length.

Academic Technologies Sitemap


Book a Classroom
Classroom Listing

Computer Labs

Book a Lab
Lab Listing



Test Scoring & Questionnaire Services
General Data Collection
Instructor Designed Questionnaire (IDQ) System
Scoring Multiple Choice Tests
Universal Student Ratings of Instruction (USRI)
Web Surveys
High Performance Computing

Shared Computing