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Occasionally, inquiries about scoring multiple choice tests begin with the more basic question: "Can you suggest some references that provide advice on construction of multiple choice tests?" There are many such textbooks including the following:
Haladyna, Thomas M. Writing Test Items to Evaluate Higher Order Thinking. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon, 1997.
Jacobs, Lucy Cheser & Chase, Clinton I. Developing and Using Tests Effectively: a Guide for Faculty. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1992.
Osterlind, Steven J. Constructing Test Items. 2nd ed. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998.
Writing Multiple-Choice Test Items, and
IDEA Papers from Kansas State University such as No. 16: Improving Multiple-Choice Tests
Jacobs, Lucy C. How to Write Better Tests: A Handbook for Improving Test Construction Skills. Indiana University, Bloomington
A publication produced by the National Board of Medical Examiners is available (in pdf format) at http://www.nbme.org/about/itemwriting.asp. Although it is written with reference to Basic and Clinical Sciences, the guidelines for writing good items apply to the more general case. The publication is 181 pages in length.
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